N.Q. Xhafer

25 Mar
If today you were to pass
In heaven looking through the glass

If today you were to pass,

in heaven looking through the glass.

Loved ones mourn with teary eyes,

the following day became such a surprise.

You ponder thoughts of retrospect,

how a life just lost is so easy to forget.

As you come across points of reference,

a gentle heart that made a difference.

How such a surprise ever came to be?

A precious life wasted so selfishly.


Letter to Menoceus

28 Feb

Accustom yourself to believing that death is nothing to us, for good and evil imply the capacity for sensation, and death is the privation of all sentience; therefore a correct understanding that death is nothing to us makes the mortality of life enjoyable, not by adding to life a limitless time, but by taking away the yearning after immortality. For life has no terrors for him who has thoroughly understood that there are no terrors for him in ceasing to live. Foolish, therefore, is the man who says that he fears death, not because it will pain when it comes, but because it pains in the prospect. Whatever causes no annoyance when it is present, causes only a groundless pain in the expectation. Death, therefore, the most awful of evils, is nothing to us, seeing that, when we are, death is not come, and, when death is come, we are not. It is nothing, then, either to the living or to the dead, for with the living it is not and the dead exist no longer.


Homeland Security Accused of Wasting $500M on Nuke Precautions for Border

25 Sep

The Department of Homeland security has wasted up to nearly a half billion dollars in taxpayer money and time on its current plans to develop technology at the nation’s borders to detect nuclear material being smuggled into the country, according to two recent GAO reports cited by a Republican senator on Thursday. – Homeland Security Accused of Wasting $500M on Nuke Precautions for Border

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N. Q. Xhafer

25 Sep

…but one who is mortal can only taste,

for love is the nerve that not enveloped is life to waste,

upon wake builds clear wrapping counter-significance,

when a shadowed symphony paints evening corridors,

morning swells emotional precedence.


N.Q. Xhafer

25 Sep

Tapping on the inside

Traversing the retrospect

Yearning comprehension

Bewildered in darkness


Arizona bill targeting ethnic studies signed into law

12 May

By Nicole Santa Cruz, Los Angeles Times

May 12, 2010

A bill that aims to ban ethnic studies in Arizona schools was signed into law Tuesday by Gov. Jan Brewer, cheering critics who called such classes divisive and alarming others who said it’s yet another law targeting Latinos in the state.

The move comes less than 20 days after Brewer signed a controversial immigration bill that has caused widespread protests against the state. The governor’s press office did not return requests for comment Tuesday evening….,0,5313151.story?

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‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’… Anything about Shariah Law

12 May

May 12, 2010

‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’… Anything about Shariah Law

By Alan Foster

Elena Kagan, current Solicitor General of The United States and former Dean of the Harvard Law School, exemplifies selective outrage. She knows a lot about “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” when it comes to ROTC on the Harvard Campus, but wears official blinders when it comes to Islamic treatment of homosexuals….

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24 Feb

For more information, please visit:

1. In the U.S., about 50,000 people die each year from secondhand smoke-related diseases.
2. In the U.S., 30,000 to 60,000 people die each year from secondhand smoke-related heart disease.
3. Of current smokers in the U.S., 2,633,000 have chronic bronchitis from smoking.
4. Of current smokers in the U.S., 1,273,000 have emphysema from smoking.
5. Of current smokers in the U.S., 358,000 have a cancer other than lung cancer from smoking.
5. Of current smokers in the U.S., 46,000 have lung cancer from smoking.
6. Of current smokers in the U.S., 384,000 have had a stroke from smoking.
7. Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,872,000 have chronic bronchitis from smoking.
8. Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,743,000 have emphysema from smoking.
9. Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,755,000 have had a heart attack from smoking.
10. Of former smokers in the U.S., 1,154,000 have a cancer other than lung cancer from smoking.
11. Of former smokers in the U.S., 138,000 have lung cancer from smoking.
12. Of former smokers in the U.S., 637,000 have had a stroke from smoking.
13. In the U.S., smoking results in more than 5.6 million years of potential life lost each year.
14. Smoking causes impaired lung growth during childhood and adolescence.
15. Since 1964, there have been 94,000 tobacco-related fetal and infant deaths in the U.S.
16. Cigarette smokers are 20 times more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers.
17. 49% of middle school students who smoke say they want to quit.
18. One cigarette company genetically altered tobacco to have 50% more nicotine than regular tobacco.
19. Nicotine reaches the brain within 10 seconds after smoke is inhaled.
20. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds.
21. 599 additives are on the composite list released to the government in 1994 by tobacco companies of what may be added to cigarettes. This list includes all ingredients that are used although it does not tell which companies they are used by or which brands they are used in.
22. 2-Naphthylamine, 4-Aminobiphenyl, Benzene, Vinyl Chloride, Propylene Oxide, Arsenic, Beryllium, Nickel,
Chromium (only hexavalent), Cadmium, and Polonium-210 are human carcinogens found in tobacco smoke.
23. Nicotine is in tobacco smoke.
24. Nicotine is addictive.
25. Ammonia is in tobacco smoke.
26. Ammonia boosts the impact of nicotine
27. Benzene is in tobacco smoke. Benzene contributes to lung and larynx cancer.
28. Arsenic is in tobacco smoke.
29. Acetaldehyde is in tobacco smoke. Acetaldehyde contributes to lung and larynx cancer.
30. Carbon monoxide is in tobacco smoke. Carbon monoxide contributes to cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive lung disease.
31. Chromium is in tobacco smoke. Chromium contributes to lung and larynx cancer.
32. Nicotine has been found in the breast milk of smokers.
33. Cigarette smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the U.S.
34. Radioactive Polonium-210 is found in cigarette smoke. Polonium-210 contributes to lung and larynx cancer.
35. In the U.S., over 400,000 people die a tobacco-related death every year.
36. In the U.S.,128,922 people die each year from lung, trachea, and bronchus cancers caused by smoking.
37. In the U.S., 34,693 people die each year from cancers other than lung, trachea, and bronchus caused by smoking.
38. 128,497 people die from smoking-related cardiovascular diseases each year.
39. 103,338 people die from smoking-related respiratory diseases each year (pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema, chronic airways obstruction).
40. In the U.S., 3,000 people die each year from second hand smoke-related lung cancer.
41. In the U.S., tobacco kills more Americans than auto accidents, homicide, AIDS, drugs and fires combined.
42. Hydrogen cyanide is in tobacco smoke. Hydrogen cyanide contributes to cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive lung disease.
43. The tobacco industry spent $12 billion in 2005 on advertising and promotions.
44. Since 1964, there have been 12 million tobacco-related deaths in the U.S.
45. About 90% of lung cancer deaths among women who continue to smoke are tobacco related.
46. Today, in the U.S., tobacco products will kill about 1,200 people.
47. Cigarettes and other smoking materials are the number one cause of fire deaths in the U.S.
48. By the year 2020, tobacco is projected to kill about 10 million people a year worldwide.
49. In 1974, a tobacco company explored targeting customers as young as 14.
50. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure to secondhand smoke in infancy double the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
51. Smoking during pregnancy results in the deaths of about 900 infants every year in the U.S.
52. Over 8.5 million Americans live with tobacco-related illnesses.
53. Of current smokers in the U.S., 719,000 have had a heart attack from smoking.
54. 736 people die each year in the U.S. from smoking-related fires.
55. 7.5% of African American middle school students smoke cigarettes.
56. 11.4% of African American high school students smoke cigarettes.
57. 10.4% of all adult Asian Americans smoke.
58. 16.8% of Asian American men smoke compared to 4.6% of Asian American women.
59. 8.3% of White middle school students smoke cigarettes.
60. 25.4% of White high school students smoke cigarettes.
61. 21.4% of White adults smoke.
62. 13.3% of all Hispanic adults smoke.
63. 21.6% of Hispanic high school students smoke cigarettes.
64. Every year, tobacco-related disease kills over 174,000 women.
65. 27% of middle school, and 22% of high school students who smoke, smoke Newport.
66. High school students are more likely than middle school students to smoke light cigarettes.
67. 25% of middle and high school boys and 31% of middle and high school girls smoke light cigarettes.
68. In 2002, U.S. consumers spent about $88.2 billion on tobacco products.
69. In 1984, a tobacco company called younger adult smokers “replacement smokers.”
70. In 1972, a tobacco company considered adding honey to cigarettes because teenagers like sweet products.
71. The tobacco industry increased its spending on advertisements and promotions by $2.7 billion between 2002
and 2003.
72. In 1985, one tobacco company brainstormed targeting potential smokers in school bathrooms, playgrounds,
YMCAs, and city parks.
73. Cigarette companies advertised “light” cigarettes as less harmful to the smoker, although they can deliver
the same levels of tar and nicotine.
74. In 1993, one tobacco company executive thought it would be a good idea to have his employees mail
“grass roots” complaints to airlines about their smoking bans, pretending to be regular customers.
75. Tobacco companies actually went to court to fight for the right to keep tobacco advertising near high schools. They won. Congrats, Big Tobacco!
76. In 1993, the Supreme Court decided that an inmate could sue a prison claiming that exposure to his cell mate’s secondhand smoke could constitute cruel and unusual punishment.
77. In 1989, one tobacco company’s ideas for reaching minority customers included to “be seen as a friend,” “build on black history”, and “help them find jobs.”
78. In 1995, a major tobacco company decided to boost cigarette sales by targeting homeless people. They called their plan “Project SCUM: Sub Culture Urban Marketing.”
79. A tobacco company once gave $125,000 worth of food to a charity, according to an estimate by The Wall Street Journal. Then, they spent well over $21 million telling people about it. I guess when you sell a deadly, addictive product, you need all the good PR you can get.
80. In 1997, a Big Tobacco executive once said, under oath, that he believed Gummy Bears were addictive like cigarettes.
81. In the past, Big Tobacco has compared the addictiveness of cigarettes with M&M’s.
82. In the past, Big Tobacco has compared the addictiveness of cigarettes with coffee.
83. In the past, Big Tobacco has compared the addictiveness of cigarettes with that of television.
84. Adults below the poverty level have an average smoking rate of 28.9% compared to 20.3% for people
at or above the poverty level.
85. Higher smoking rates are associated with lower education levels.
86. In 2002, nearly 46 million Americans had successfully quit smoking.
87. 63% of high school smokers say they want to quit smoking.
88. In 1998, annual smoking-attributable medical expenditures were estimated at $75.5 billion.
89. During 1997-2001, smoking-attributable productivity losses totaled $92 billion per year.
90. During 2000-2004, smoking-attributable health care costs and productivity losses exceeded $193 billion per year.
91. 1995 estimates put the tobacco-related death toll among African Americans at 45,000 per year.
92. 37.3% of African Americans who have ever smoked have quit.
93. More than 25% of African American youth are exposed to secondhand smoke in the home.
94. 68.4% of African Americans reported wanting to quit smoking and 45% reported making a quit attempt in 2000.
95. 2.2% of Asian American middle school students smoke.
96. 28% of Asian American middle school students who smoke use light cigarettes.
97. 41% of Asian American high school students who smoke use light cigarettes.
98. In 2000, 44.7% of all Asian Americans who had ever smoked reported that they had successfully quit.
99. 1.2% of Asian American high school students smoke cigarettes.
100. Smoking-attributable productivity losses for men are approximately $61.9 billion per year.
101. Smoking-attributable productivity losses for women are approximately $30.5 billion per year.
102. 18.0% of Hispanic men smoke, compared to 8.3% of Hispanic women.
103. 30% of Hispanic youth in middle school smoke light cigarettes.
104. 35% of Hispanic high school students who smoke use light cigarettes.
105. In 2000, 33.6% of all people below the poverty level who had ever smoked reported that they had successfully quit.
106. 61.4% of people below the poverty level reported wanting to quit smoking and 41.2% reported making a quit
attempt in 2000.
107. How do infants avoid secondhand smoke? “At some point they begin to crawl.” Tobacco Executive, 1996.
108. 34.1% of middle school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.
109. 39.2% of high school students report seeing advertisements for tobacco products on the Internet.
110. Every single day, in the U.S., the tobacco industry spends nearly $34 million on advertising and promotions.
111. According to one tobacco company VP, in 2001, a company name change could focus attention away from tobacco.
112. 23.1% of White men smoke compared to 19.8% of White women.
113. 46% of White high school students who smoke use light cigarettes.
114. 32% of White middle school students who smoke use light cigarettes.
115. It is estimated that as many as 22% of pregnant women and girls smoke.
116. 17.4% of women in the U.S. smoke.
117. Pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of pre-term delivery, low birth weight, and SIDS.
118. 47.3% of women who have ever smoked have quit.
119. 72. 2 % of women reported wanting to quit and 41.9% made a quit attempt in 2000.
120. The majority of smokers begin before the age of 18 (80% before age 18, 90% before age 20).
121. 1 out of 3 smokers begin smoking before the age of 14.
122. Every day, about 3,900 youth ages 12 to 17 try a cigarette for the first time.
123. Every day, about 1,500 youth become daily smokers.
124. About one third of youth smokers will eventually die from a tobacco-related disease.
125. In just one year, cigarettes leave about 12,000 kids motherless. That’s 33 mothers a day.
126. In just one year, cigarettes leave about 31,000 kids fatherless.
127. 8.1% of middle school students smoke.
128. 22.3% of high school students smoke.
129. About 70% of smokers say they want to quit.
130. Each year 40% of smokers quit for at least a day.
131. Each year only 4.7% of smokers succeed in quitting.
132. Every 6.5 seconds, someone in the world dies from a smoking-related disease.
133. In 1985, one tobacco vice president wondered, in reference to smoking-related deaths, if we should ban sleep
since according to him the majority of people die in their sleep.
134. In 1997, one tobacco company CEO said he would probably “instantly” shut his doors “to get a better hold on
things” if it were proved to his satisfaction that smoking causes cancer. That same company now admits on
their website that smoking causes cancer, but they’re still open for business.
135. There are 4.8 million deaths worldwide from smoking each year.
136. 5.6 trillion cigarettes are produced by tobacco companies each year, amounting to nearly 900 cigarettes per year for every man, woman, and child in the world.
137. 10 million cigarettes are smoked every minute of every day around the world.
138. The U.S., China, Russian Federation, Japan, and Indonesia are the five countries that consume more than
half of the world’s cigarettes.
139. There were 100 million deaths worldwide from tobacco use in the 20th century.
140. There will be 1 billion tobacco deaths worldwide in the 21st century if current trends continue.
141. One half of all lifetime smokers will die prematurely as a result of smoking.
142. Smoking is responsible for the premature deaths of approximately 3 million women since 1980.
143. 15% of college students smoke daily.
144. 25.7% of college students smoke.
145. 43.9% of young adults who are college age, but do not attend college, smoke.
146. Female college students are more likely to smoke daily than male college students.
147. 69 animal and/or human carcinogens are in tobacco smoke.
148. Every day, cows release methane gas into the air. From you know where. But methane is also found
somewhere else. Yesiree, in cigarette smoke.
149. As late as 1999, tobacco companies placed in-store advertising signage at a child’s eye level.
150. Tobacco companies have been targeting women with their advertising for the last 70 years.
151. Hydrogen cyanide has been used in prison executions. It’s also found in cigarette smoke.
152. There’s hydrogen cyanide in rat poison. The same stuff is in cigarette smoke.
153. Because of the tobacco industry’s products, about 339 people in the U.S. die of lung cancer every day.
154. In 1989, millions of cases of imported fruit were banned after a small amount of cyanide was found in just
two grapes. There’s 33 times more cyanide in a single cigarette than was found in both of those grapes.
155. Smoking can lead to cataracts, the number one cause of vision loss in the world.
156. In 1985, a tobacco industry brainstorming session came up with the idea of reaching their
“younger adult smoker” in candy stores.
157. Sunburns can cause wrinkles; so can cigarettes.
158. As of 2006, tobacco was still depicted in three-quarters of youth rated movies and 90% of R-rated movies.
159. Problems with self-esteem. Has menial, boring job. Emotionally insecure. Passive-aggressive. Probably leads fairly dull existence. Grooming not a strong priority. Lacks inner resources. Group conformist. Non-thinking. Not into ideas. Insecure follower. These are all terms taken from Big Tobacco’s files that have been used to describe different groups of potential customers for their deadly, addictive products.
160. Tobacco kills over 20 times more people than murder.
161. Sodium hydroxide is a caustic compound found in hair removal products. It’s also found in cigarettes.
162. Tobacco companies’ products kill 36,000 people every month. That’s more lives thrown away than there are
public garbage cans in NYC.
163. Human sweat contains urea and ammonia. So do cigarettes.
164. In 1985, one tobacco company brainstormed the idea of reaching younger adult customers in record stores.
165. In 2006, a former Russian spy was allegedly murdered using Polonium-210. This radioactive chemical is also found in cigarette smoke, a fact at least one tobacco company was aware of in 1964.
166. On their websites, tobacco companies encourage people to quit smoking.  However, in 2006, a court found that tobacco companies manipulate nicotine levels to keep smokers addicted.
167. Big Tobacco labels their cigarettes with things like light, ultra-light and low-tar even though they can be as deadly and addictive as regular cigarettes.
168. As long ago as 1969, a tobacco company executive agreed to “avoid advertising directed to young people.”
Yet 10 years later, they supplied their products to be featured in The Muppet Movie.
169. Around the 1980’s, tobacco companies labeled African Americans – less educated, prefer malt liquor, have
problems with their own self-esteem.
170. In 1996, the tobacco industry said that drinking one to two glasses of whole milk a day was riskier than
second-hand smoke.
171. In 1971, when one tobacco executive was reminded that smoking can lead to underweight babies, he said,
“Some women would prefer smaller babies.”
172. According to the New York Times, in 1998, one tobacco executive said, “Nobody knows what you’d turn to
if you didn’t smoke. Maybe you’d beat your wife.”
173. Benzene, arsenic and cyanide are all poisons. They’re all in cigarette smoke too.
174. In 1978, one tobacco executive said that “unhappiness causes cancer.”
175. In 1953, Phillip Morris advertised low-tar cigarettes as “the cigarette that takes the FEAR out of smoking.”
176. A tobacco executive said that smoking is only as addictive as “sugar and salt and internet access.”
5.6 trillion cigarettes are produced by tobacco companies each year, amounting to nearly 900 cigarettes
for every man, woman and child in the world.
177. There are 11 known human carcinogens in cigarette smoke.
178. An ingredient in mothballs- naphthalene- is also found in cigarette smoke.
179. Cigarettes kill over 50 people an hour.
180. Urea is found in cigarettes. Urea is also found in Pee.
181. Methanol is found in cigarettes. Methanol is also found in antifreeze.
182. Cinnemaldyhyde is found in cigarettes. Cinnemaldehyde is also found in pet repellant.
183. Cadmium is found in cigarettes. Cadmium is also found in batteries.
184. Toluene is found in cigarette smoke. Toluene is also found in gasoline.
185. Hydrazine is found in cigarettes. Hydrazine is also found in rocket fuel.
186. Acetone is found in cigarette smoke. Acetone also removes nail polish.
Geraniol is found in cigarettes. Geraniol is also found in pesticides.
187. Formaldehyde is found in cigarette smoke. Formaldehyde preserves the dead.
188. Toluene is found in cigarette smoke. Toluene is also found in dynamite.
189. Acetanisole is found in cigarettes. Acetanisole is also an ingredient in some perfumes.
190. Acetic Acid is found in cigarettes. Acetic Acid is also found in floor wipes.
191. In 2006, over 5 million people around the world died from tobacco products.
192. 3% of middle school students and 6% of high school students use smokeless tobacco.
193. Adolescents who use smokeless tobacco are more likely to become cigarette smokers.
194. Smokeless tobacco use is higher among males (5%) than females (1%) for adults.
195. Smokeless tobacco use increased for 12th-grade males from 1986 until the early 1990’s, but has declined
since in all grades.
196. In 2005, three quarters of new smokeless tobacco users were male, and more than half were under
age 18 when they first tried it.
197. The average age of first smokeless tobacco use for those aged 12 to 49 in 2005 was 18 years.
198. In 2005, among adults aged 26 or older, 3% had used smokeless tobacco in the past month. Among youths aged 12 to 17, the rate was 2%, and among young adults aged 18 to 25, the rate was 5% percent.
199. Smokeless tobacco use among men declined between 1987 and 2000. The largest declines were among those aged 18 to 24 years, people 65 years and older, African-Americans, residents of the South, and persons in more rural areas.
200. Revenues from smokeless tobacco sales reached $2.36 billion in 2002 and $2.61 billion in 2005.
201. Since 1987, Big Tobacco has increased their spending on advertising and promotions every year,
reaching $250.8 million in 2005.
202. From 2002-2005, the two top advertising and promotional categories for smokeless tobacco were promotional allowances (payments made to retailers to facilitate sales) and retail value added (offers in which a smokeless tobacco product and bonus item are packaged together as a single unit).
203. Between 2002 and 2005, sales of moist snuff increased while sales of loose leaf chewing tobacco and dry snuff and plug/twist fell. Nearly 76 million pounds of moist snuff were sold in 2005, more than the other three types combined. Advertising and promotional expenditures were also highest for moist snuff.
204. Smokeless tobacco is addictive.
205. Smokeless tobacco causes, or is strongly associated with, adverse effects on both oral and systematic health.
206. Smokeless tobacco increases the risk of oral cancer.
207. Long-term smokeless tobacco users are nearly fifty times more likely to have cancers of the cheek and
gum than non-users.
208. Using smokeless tobacco is also associated with gingivitis, dental caries, abrasion, and staining.
209. Nicotine is absorbed into the bloodstream more slowly with smokeless tobacco than with cigarettes, but
it continues to be absorbed more even after tobacco has been removed from the mouth.
210. An average of 4.5mg of nicotine is absorbed from 7.9g of chewing tobacco and an average of 3.6mg of nicotine is absorbed from 2.5g moist snuff. You only absorb 1mg of nicotine per cigarette.
211. One tobacco company proposed reaching its target consumer from ice cream trucks.
212. In high school, 79% of African American students who smoke, smoke menthol cigarettes.
©2009 truth



Smoking may double the risk of Alzheimer’s

24 Feb

For more information, please visit:

Smoking may double the risk of Alzheimer’s

Smoking could double your chance of getting Alzheimer’s

Smokers are more than twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s Disease as people who have never smoked, according to new research.
The study – the largest ever of its kind and the first major research to look at people before they develop Alzheimer’s – followed 6,870 men and women aged 55 and over.

None of the people had Alzheimer’s, the most common form of dementia, before the study by the Erasmus Medical School in Rotterdam began.


Over a two-year period, any who developed signs of dementia were assessed and, where possible, given a brain scan.

A total of 146 people developed dementia during the course of the study, with 105 being diagnosed as having Alzheimer’s.

People who smoked were found to be 2.3 times more likely to develop Alzheimer’s than those who had never smoked.

They were also more likely to get Alzheimer’s at a younger age.


However, the researchers found that smoking does not increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s for people with a gene linked to the disease.

Indeed, they believe smoking may offer protection against the disease for people with the gene – APOE epsilon 4.

“It seems that if you have the gene, you’re better off if you smoke,” said Dr Monique Breteler, one of the senior researchers.


Previous research said smoking protected from dementia
Previous studies of the links between smoking and Alzheimer’s have suggested smoking could have a beneficial effect on the disease. But their findings have been inconclusive.

The Dutch researchers said this could be because smoking altered the chemistry of the brain and defused some of the effects of Alzheimer’s.

Another reason could be the fact that many smokers do not live long enough to develop the disease, which particularly affects the very elderly.


Dr Anthony Mann, an expert in the treatment of elderly people from the Institute of Psychiatry in London, said the new research presented “powerful” evidence.

“They are the first to do a prospective study and it’s the largest to show a positive link,” he said. “It’s the best we’ve had. It takes forward the notion that things that put you at risk for vascular disease, put you at risk for dementia in general.”

Harry Cayton, executive director of the Alzheimer’s Disease Society, said: “Clearly, smoking causes serious health problems. Whether dementia is one of these needs to be further investigated. The Alzheimer’s Disease Society would welcome further research to validate today’s report.”



Now Playing: Weinstein’s Finance Drama

25 Sep


The surprise hit “Inglourious Basterds” appears to have breathed some life into Weinstein Co., but the independent movie studio is still facing a serious cash squeeze.

Several people familiar with the finances of the company, founded by independent film producers Harvey and Bob Weinstein, said it needs a fresh capital infusion or successive box-office blockbusters to ease the growing pressure.

The four-year-old film company has burned through most of the roughly $1.2 billion in debt and equity financing raised for its launch in 2005, these people said. Now, these people said, the company likely has to do one of two challenging feats: either raise at least $50 million or turn its upcoming slate of films into a series of hits that build on the success of “Inglourious Basterds.”

In a statement, Weinstein said, “The company has the resources to meet all our obligations, from production to release of our films. As far as new financing opportunities, we will always be interested in new deals, provided we see mutual profitability.”

Weinstein Co. is a relatively small studio in the Hollywood landscape. But its financial woes reflect the challenges facing many independent production companies, some of which have closed their doors in recent years, as film financing has dried up and audiences’ tastes have shifted.

In a sign of its troubles earlier this year, Weinstein did not pay back a $75 million bridge loan from Ziff Brothers Investments, according to people familiar with the situation. Interest is accruing on that loan, adding to their debt. That investment firm’s chairman, Dirk Ziff — one of the company’s early backers and a friend of Harvey Weinstein’s — resigned from the Weinstein Co. board this year.

People familiar with the matter said Mr. Ziff continues to work with and support the company. A spokesman for Mr. Ziff declined to comment.

As its woes deepened, the studio hired New York-based investment bank Miller Buckfire to explore restructuring the terms of roughly $600 million in debt financing raised by Goldman Sachs Group. Weinstein Co.’s other startup capital at the time included roughly $500 million in equity financing from, among others, advertising giant WPP PLC. WPP did not return a call seeking comment.

In July, Miller Buckfire completed its work with Weinstein. The investment bank was able to restructure $500 million in securitized debt that starts to mature in 2014, said people familiar with the matter. These people said the firm engineered what people familiar with the arrangement called a “status-quo” restructuring, giving the Weinstein Co. access to cash previously earmarked for loan repayment.

People close to the situation said the insurer of that debt, a division of Ambac Financial Group Inc., has waived some bond covenants, allowing the company to finance marketing and operating expenses from its film library revenue for now.

People familiar with the situation said that money will give the Weinsteins time to produce the rest of the company’s ambitious upcoming slate, which this fall includes “Nine,” based on a Broadway musical, and a version of Cormac McCarthy’s apocalyptic novel, “The Road.” Additionally, the company was able to spend $35 million marketing “Inglourious Basterds,” Quentin Tarantino’s World War II revenge fantasy, which has taken in more than $100 million at the domestic box office alone. That makes it one of the biggest successes in the company’s short history.

Still, the gains have been diluted. A year before “Inglourious Basterds” hit theaters, Weinstein Co. entered into a profit-sharing deal with Universal Pictures. That allowed it to split costs, but also watered down its income.

More broadly, said people familiar with the situation, Ambac’s waiving of covenants is on a case-by-case basis. The insurer’s aim for now, they said, is to give the studio time to release its scheduled films.

To be sure, the company has other ways to access liquidity, including selling foreign distribution rights to future movies or exploring joint ventures, said a person close to the situation.

Cost cutting has begun. The company has said it plans to cut about 30 employees to shrink the staff of the studio down to 90 employees — at least half its staff size at its peak. Those layoffs come after several earlier rounds of cutbacks and bring its staffing to levels comparable to those of studios producing about the same number of films.

In a statement released by the company, a board member, Richard Koenigsberg, said, “The board is very pleased with the recent successes of ‘Inglourious Basterds’ and ‘Halloween 2,’ as well as ‘Project Runway’s’ record breaking season on the Lifetime Network. The strong upcoming film slate, including ‘The Road,’ ‘Nine,’ ‘Hoodwinked 2′, ‘Youth In Revolt’ and ‘Piranha 3D,’ also make us very optimistic about the company’s potential for continued success at the box office.”

The Weinsteins rewrote the rules of Hollywood in the 1990s, as their Miramax Films turned small-budget pictures like “Pulp Fiction” into blockbusters, and turned literary adult dramas into mainstream fare, including “The English Patient” and “Shakespeare in Love.”

The brothers sold Miramax in 1993 to Walt Disney Co. When they left Miramax in 2005 and announced their next venture, Wall Street banks and other investors were eager to hitch their wagon to the Weinsteins’ star.

An initial offering from Goldman projected that the company would release about 30 films a year, and would rack up more than $160 million in profit by the end of 2009. With three months left in 2009, the brothers appear to have fallen short of that goal, and they are now aiming to release just eight to 10 movies next year.

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